titles-startA few weeks ago I gave a keynote on the Finnish Museum of Games — and how larp ended up being included there at Interaction | Unfinished, a seminar on audience participation in art and entertainment. The event was held in Oslo during “Week in Norway”, the pre-conference festival leading up to Knutepunkt 2017.

UnfinishedAll the talks from Interaction | Unfinished are available on YouTube. They are extremely interesting for anyone interested in participation and experience design, spanning designing visceral art education for children to simulating homelessness in Minsk and from immersive musical theatre to calibrating culturally sensitive physical interaction codes for larp. My talk can be watched here, and the text is available below.

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Photo by Daniel Sundström.

Knutepunkt was help last week in Oslo, Norway. Over the two decades since the first Knutepunkt in 1997, the event has become an institution of Nordic and international larp. To mark the anniversary, a series of keynotes was commissioned. I was one of the six speakers. In the talk I revisited the definition of Nordic larp I offered four years ago, before moving on to claim that non-player characters are inherently dehumanizing (if you are here just for the dehumanizing bit, you can skip forward halfway down the text). Here is the script.

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multiplayer-2It is a little weird to realize that not only are the so called ‘social games’, i.e. Facebook games over a decade old now, but also that we at the University of Tampere Game Research Lab have studied them for all of that time. After our Professor Frans Mäyrä gave a keynote on the topic at a conference in Münster, Germany, he was asked to write an article by editors Rachel Kowert and Thorsten Quandt, who were putting together a sequel to Routledge’s Multiplayer from 2013. The article turned into a collaborative piece reflecting on a decade’s worth of work written by Mäyrä, Janne Paavilainen, Annakaisa Kultima, and myself.

This is the story of Facebook games, the research of Facebook games, and the reaction of the game industry and society to Facebook games. In some ways, this article is sort of a bird’s eye view of the work we have been doing around this theme, contextualizing many of the individual research projects and papers. It also works as a directory; it collects works relating to this topic in one place and directs the reader towards the sources they are interested in.

Here is the abstract of the article:

The social dimensions can take many forms in games and play cultures. The phenomenon of social network games, especially the historical evolution of Facebook games, provides an interesting opportunity to explore of the social aspects of game creation and play cultures. The social and cultural frames of social play and networks have become increasingly central areas to explore in game research. Around years 2006 2007, games distributed through social network services became known as ‘social games’, even though their actual characteristics do not necessarily rely primarily on social interaction, or real-time social play, for example. Nevertheless, social play and social network services have had a central role for the design and use of these games, and it is important to understand how they have operated – as games, and as playful elements in particular kind of social media environment. This chapter draws upon a decade of research in the field of casual and social games, and highlights the interrelations between player experiences, game and service design features, as well as industry business models in this area. Finally, the chapter also reflects on the future directions of social game play, and its research.

The article “From social play to social games and back: The emergence and development of social network games” is the opening contributor article in Multiplayer 2: New Perspectives on the Social Aspects of Digital Gaming. Since this is one of those expensive books from Routledge, I cannot really recommend that you buy it, but maybe borrow it from a library?

Personal Play Histories


The recently opened Finnish Museum of Games is a wonderful peek into Finnish game artefacts. However, games only truly become when they are played. This requires players. Players and their personal histories of playing is the subject of the exhibition that opens at the museum today – which features such personal effects as an egg timer, a butchered Barbie-magazine, Forgotten Realms literature, gaming equipment received as a present at a Christening, remote kalsarikänni technology, and chronicles of dynasties in The Sims.

img_20170109_155729The exhibition, called Minun pelihistoriani, offers a peak into the ludic past of thirteen current Tampere residents. The show features short textual peaks into the past as well as game, artefacts related to gaming, and photographs of playing. The exhibitions was created on a university course that I co-organized with Annakaisa Kultima and it is the first to take advantage of the studio space in the newly opened museum.

It is one thing to write general histories of games, and quite another to look at personal histories with games and play. What we learned during the process of putting this show together is that gaming histories are deeply personal – and even periods of not playing can be deeply meaningful in a history of ludic conduct. Playing is present at most parts of life, and any history of playing is a history of that person. While these accounts are personal, many of them are also recognizable and shared.

Minun pelihistoriani is open at Finnish Museum of Games until February 10th. The museum is bilingual, all texts are available in Finnish and English.

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The Finnish Museum of Games (Suomen pelimuseo) opens for the public today. I have been involved in the museum a little bit (helping gather donations, consulting on curation), and I have had a chance to see the exhibition in already December during the Early Access period for crowdfunders (the museum raised over 80,000 Euros). It is wonderful, a great success! It displays a hundred Finnish games from the past 170 years, with emphasis on digital games. In addition, it has old arcade machines and consoles. More than half of the games are playable.


A player costume from the longest running Finnish larp campaign, Rajakatse.

Emphasis can be placed on each word of the name: Finnish Museum of Games. First of all, this museum is unapologetically Finnish, stretching from board game depictions of the Civil War of 1918 to family classics like Kimble and Alias, and from early indie role-playing game Miekka ja Magia to contemporary digital games that are internationally acclaimed, such as Max Payne, Clash of Clans, and Cities: Skylines. “Finnish” is luckily inclusive; there are Finnish language games, Swedish language games, and a traditional Sami game. The game that stretches the definition the farthest is probably Mordheim, published by Games Workshop in the UK, but it had a Finnish lead designer.


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To mark the holiday season I will blog about something other than work for the first time in a very long time. Once upon a time, I was a film critic for an urban free paper Nöjesguiden/V-lehti. No, not even that. I was a film reviewer, and a thoroughly mediocre one at that. However, the thing that I most miss about those days is making top 5 or top 10 lists with my colleagues. The top five usages of helicopters in cinema! The top five Jesus films!

Back then, we had a formula. The list should include something everyone would recognize, something timely, something funny, and something people would probably not think of. Today I will list my current top ten television series of all time and my top five favourites of 2016 (not included on the master list). For no particular reason and in no particular order. My list ended up surprisingly middle-of-the-road and uncontroversial in comparison to the lists we used to do back then. I have mellowed out. In addition, my selections are pretty gay. Still, the most surprising thing about the list is the complete lack of scifi.

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summer-sunshine-alcohol-drinkGames and Culture has now published “Through a Shot Glass, Darkly: The Study of Games in the Light of Drinking Games” in their OnlineFirst service. I wrote the article with Olli Sotamaa. Here is the abstract:

Drinking games have a history several millennia long. Yet the global community of game scholars has barely touched drinking and games, leaving the area for researchers of health and safety issues. This article is a think piece that approaches drinking games as games and as play, ponders what the study of games can learn from drinking games, weighs what is at stake in them, and connects them to discussions in contemporary game studies relating to materiality, modding, and criticism of the idealization of play.

I am particularly proud of this article.

Of course, it started as a joke. I cannot quite remember when we first discussed it with Olli, nor where the initial idea came from, but in 2014 we finally decided to submit a short paper on the topic to DiGRA. The whole thing was supposed to be, we told ourselves, a lighthearted review of research of drinking games as seen through contemporary game studies, for the benefit of the digital games research association members at a conference in the drinking capitol that is Salt Lake City, Utah. However, while researching this lark of an article, we realized that not only are we actually very interested in this topic and were using humour to initially shield our approach, but that there is much more than cheap laughs to be found by juxtaposing drinking and games. Indeed, both of us have important experiences with games and drinking (from SingStar and Uno to actual drinking games like Elk and I Have Never). Indeed, I once had a key moment of insight into the aesthetics of games with under the influence while playing Carcassonne: Hunters and Gatherers – a starting point for one of my current research interests.

Long story short, the short article was accepted and presented at the conference, the tone of the presentation was light, but the content was there – and it was well-received. We moved ahead, wrote a full article, and submitted it to Games and Culture. The review took a year, since one reviewer had issues with our light tone and another objected to the whole project. Yet, finally, here we are.

This article reviews what has been said about drinking games in other fields of inquiry, and connects those discussions to game studies. What is the connection between alcohol and play? What do drinking games, as a form, tell us about games? What can we learn about modding, folk games, or player bodies by looking at drinking games? The article conceived of as a think piece – or, readers willing, a drink piece – and I feel that it is fairly successful as such. I am rarely this happy and proud in an article.

We feel that the article merits a drinking game of its own. We shall be toasting this article the next time we meet with Olli. We also promise to raise a glass each time the article gets cited in an academic publication! Alcohol and a higher h-index, what could be better?